The first part of the dataset contains information on the characteristics of postcolonial political regimes from independence to december 31. This data collection focuses on political regimes and regime transitions in 47 countries in subsaharan africa. In order to be democratized, one of the key components needed is a change in political culture. Neopatrimonial relationships on the political and the administrative level should be determined with different indicators taking i nto account t he two spher es dif ferent rationalities. Managing political transitions in africa united states. Lecture 15 ichino political liberalization in the 1990s. Pdf media, conflict, and political transitions in africa. Especially for africa, the scholarl y study of political transitions has vacillated between ideographic case studies with detailed description of events and actors and abstract ruminations about principles of democracy supported by littl e systematic evidence.
Vote buying and violence in nigerian election campaigns, electoral studies, 27. Civil society and associational life in africa, world politics 41, no. This initiative aims to increase the capacity of key stakeholders to identify these triggers during political transitions, to build positive relationships among civil society, policymakers, and regional and international organizations, and to contribute to the academic and policy literature on peaceful political transitions in. Because it is social accepted, neopatrimonial politics have managed to permeate all political levels, affecting the distribution of resources and distorting development plans and diverting aid funds to ensure the survival of the system. Unclear definition of political conditionality has made donor policies. Pdf on jan 1, 2017, rachel sigman and others published. Political regimes and regime transitions in africa, 19101994 icpsr. The model confirms the expected combined effects of the institutional legacies of colonial governance and postcolonial neopatrimonial regimes, ethnopolitical fragmentation and political.
The measure shows that subsaharan africa, as a whole, appears to be less exceptionally neopatrimonial than the literature on african politics suggests. We argue that the policy of conditioning all economic development aid on a process of democratization is a mistake. Oct 17, 2014 the central dynamic in the political management of a political marketplace is the relationship between the political budget and the price of loyalty. This article proposes revisions to the theory of political transitions by analyzing patterns of recent popular challenges to neopatrimonial rule in africa. Neopatrimonial regimes and political transitions in africa, world politics 46. The degree of neopatrimonialism also varies vastly within the continent.
They originate in political protest usually spontaneous, sporadic, disorganised and unsustained in response to shrinking economic opportunities and exclusionary rewards. The outcomes of political transitions during the late 1980s and early 1990s varied considerably across subsaharan african countries. As a result, political scientists have found it useful to characterize as neopatrimonial chose hybrid political systems in which the customs and patterns of patrimonialism coexist wirh, and suffuse, rationallegal institutions. Especially for africa, the scholarly study of political transitions has vacillated between ideographic case studies with detailed description of events and actors and abstract ruminations about principles of democracy supported by little systematic evidence. The process of democratization is costly to participants, and forcing it prematurely can lead to institutional collapse rather than development. Studies in comparative international development 36. First, elite behaviour is governed by a particular political logic in hybrid states, leading them to use both formal and informal institutions to gain and retain power in what tends to be winnertakesall competition for control of the state. Throughout chis book we ask whether regime transitions in subsaharan. Neopatrimonial regimes and political transitions in africa. Basic definition, 2 delimitation of a neopatrimonial system, 3 neopatrimonialism as a political authority concept, 4 relationship. Political transitions have often served as triggers of violence. How far does civil society challenge neopatrimonial politics.
Political transitions from neopatrimonial regimes depart from the model scenario of democratisation based on experiences in latin america and europe in major respects. This cited by count includes citations to the following articles in scholar. Neopatrimonialism is a form of rule commonly associated with ineffective. The final section briefly outlines the pattern of reform in. Neopatrimonial politics, decentralisation and local. Neopatrimonial regimes in africa, 19891994 frederick solt the outcomes of political transitions during the late 1980s and early 1990s varied considerably across subsaharan african countries. Pdf the aim of this background paper is a modest one. A conclusion extends the argument about the distinctiveness of transitions from neopatrimonial rule and discusses its implications. This seminar will consider definitions of these regime types but aims to have a different, broader focus. It starts with some observations about the historical evolution of political clientelism and the nexus between capitalist growth, the evolution of the state, and democracy. The approach is explicitly comparative, based on contrasts between africa and the rest of the world and among regimes within africa itself. Neopatrimonial regimes and political transitions in africa created date. As with classic patrimonialism, the right to rule in neopatrimonial regimes.
Economic performance and elite defection from hegemonic parties. Neopatrimonialism and public sector performance and reform. Key words neopatrimonialism, clientelism, patronage, good governance. Jan 24, 2010 neopatrimonialism is the foundation stone for the system which drives african politics. Neopatrimonialism is the foundation stone for the system which drives african politics. Good economic policy should be rewarded for its own sake. Empirical test of a game theoretic argument prepared for the annual meeting of the american political science. In madagascar, political parties have historically served as tools of neopatrimonial rule and not as instruments of democracy. It is this premise this article will test in respect to zambia, a country whose political practice similar to other african states is assumed to be characterised by neopatrimonialism. The central argument of the essay is that political clientelism is a. Pdf what neopatrimonialism is six questions to the concept. The similarities between political transitions in eastern europe and africa are many, as are the parallels between the role of the media during processes, or attempted processes, of democratization. Neopatrimonial regimes and political transitions in africa world.1219 1326 986 329 1458 285 236 61 152 1539 19 1404 332 1287 1346 882 1064 945 1394 1343 199 1015 1108 749 1576 780 651 750 241 1584 925 527 398 671 713 255 1608 1078 300 48 235 457 438 500 794 5